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Vinyl floors are a versatile and hardwearing floor covering. With the designs and patterns available in the current market there is often a solution to any flooring need including domestic and commercial environments.
Vinyl Installation is a skilled process and it is recommended to use a professional in most circumstances. The following process will help you understand the stages required.
Sub Floor Preparation
Subfloor preparation is a key aspect for a vinyl floor covering. The nature of the product is to conform to the undulations of the subfloor. This means we must try and reduce the imperfections to the absolute minimum to get the desired finish.
Concrete subfloors must be cleaned and primed.
Followed by a screed of a self levelling compound, a commonly used product is Ardex K009. This has a relatively quick drying time and gives a very smooth finish.
Timber subfloors generally require a Masonite sheeting to be laid over the existing floor to create a smoother surface to lay on.
Once the subfloor preparation is completed a final stage of sanding the floor with a polydactyl or flooring sander will smooth out and final imperfections.
Laying The Vinyl
Depending on whether you choose a loose lay vinyl product or a direct stick product you will either use a pressure sensitive adhesive or an acrylic vinyl adhesive respectively.
In large areas it is advisable to begin in the middle of the room.
Firstly take measurements of your tiles and the room, to find your centreline to begin from you should make sure you are creating the least waste of product possible, this will mean having a cut just shy of a full width of a tile or just shy of half a width of a tile.
Once you have achieved your centre line you can spread your pressure sensitive adhesives or acrylic vinyl adhesive with a paint roller or 1.5mm v notched trowel respectively.
Starting from the centre line lay the tile/planks in a staggered manner.
When you come to the edges of the room and you require cuts to be made there are some simple rules that can help achieve a tight fit.
Overlay a tile on the previous row(tile already in the adhesive next to the area the cut will fulfil)
Then use another full tile and butt it off of the edge you are cutting into.
Using a Stanley knife with a sharp blade carefully score along the inside edge of the full tile against the wall/skirting.
Once scored the tile should be easily slit down the templates score line. Cutting from the back side finish cutting the excess tile away. Using the Stanley knife cut rough edges from the back of the tiles cut edge at a 45 degree angle.
This process should be carried out over areas of around 5/10m2 at a time to sure the adhesive stays within useful working times.
Key factors are not to rush and to be very particular with your floor preparation.
Happy Vinyl Laying!!!!!